Country: Italy is located in southern Europe. It borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. The south is comprised of the Italian peninsula and the two largest Mediterranean islands—Sicily and Sardinia. Italian and English are the most common languages and Rome is the capital. The population is approximately 62 million.

To access emergency services: Dial 112 or 118

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Recommended immunizations and vaccines for travelers:  Before traveling to Italy, ask your doctor what vaccines are recommended. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) are excellent resources as well.

Insurance: Find out in advance if your insurance plan will make payments directly to providers or reimburse you later for overseas health expenditures.

It is also worth ensuring your travel insurance will cover ambulances or transport either home or to more advanced medical facilities, if needed. Not all insurance covers emergency medical evacu­ation home or to a hospital in a major city, which may be the only way to receive medical attention in a serious emergency.

Source: International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers

What to expect in an Italian hospital: Public hospital quality standards may be different from those of American hospitals. However, Italian public hospitals must meet quality standards and criteria established by Italian law and are normally equipped for emergency services of all types.

Private hospitals do not normally have emergency rooms. To be admitted to a private hospital, it is usually necessary to make arrangements with the hospital’s administration or directly with a doctor affiliated with the hospital. Private hospitals normally have higher fees than public hospitals. Patients in private hospitals are generally required to pay fees upfront before leaving the hospital. Patients with insurance may later seek reimbursement from their insurance companies.

Medical personnel working in Italy are not required to speak English. However, some doctors may be able to communicate in English.

Contact your embassy/consulate: When in doubt, your country’s embassy is a good resource to turn to for medical assistance guidance.

JCI-accredited hospitals/clinics in Italy: To read about specific facilities that are JCI-accredited, visit the Hospital Search section.

Italy-specific helpful health resources:

Travel health notices: Visit the CDC or the WHO for up-to-date travel notices.

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