Brazil’s population is approximately 198.7 million. It is the largest country in the South America and Latin America region and is the world’s fifth largest country, both by geographical area and population. Brasilia is the capital.

How to access emergency services: Call 192 for ambulance service.

Currency: Brazilian real (BRL)

Recommended immunizations and vaccines for travelers: Before traveling to Brazil, ask your doctor what vaccines are recommended. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) are excellent resources as well.

Insurance: Find out in advance if your insurance plan will make payments directly to providers or reimburse you later for overseas health expenditures.

It’s also worth ensuring your travel insurance will cover ambulances or transport either home or to more advanced medical facilities, if needed. Not all insurance covers emergency medical evacuation home or to a hospital in a major city, which may be the only way to receive medical attention in a serious emergency.

Source: International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers.

What to expect in a Brazilian hospital: The official language of Brazil is Portuguese; however English is spoken in places frequented by international tourists and private hospitals, and Spanish is spoken in the border regions.

Medical training is intense, so be assured that in order to practice medicine in Brazil, physicians must undergo 11 years of combined residency and medical school. Good medical care is available in the larger cities, but may be difficult to find in rural areas.

Medical care in Brazil may be extremely expensive. Most doctors and hospitals expect payment in cash, regardless of whether you have travel health insurance. Your insurance company may be able to provide assistance and locate the nearest source of medical help; otherwise ask at your hotel or lodging.

Contact your embassy/consulate: When in doubt, your country’s embassy is a good resource to turn to for medical assistance guidance.

JCI-accredited hospitals/clinics in Brazil: To read about specific facilities that are JCI- accredited,visit the Hospital Search section.

Brazil-specific helpful health resources:

Travel health notices: Visit the CDC or the WHO for up-to-date travel notices.

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