Health profiles by country

Quality health care has many universal characteristics—practices that are common among top hospitals and clinics regardless of the locale or language. To make communication with local health care professionals easier, it helps to become familiar the health care protocols in each country.

  • argentina


    Argentina, also called the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is in southeastern South America and conjures images of the tango, Patagonia, and the Andes. It is a federal republic inhabiting what is known as the Southern Cone of the continent.

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  • austria


    Austria has a population of approximately 8.5 million. The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language. German in its standard form is the country’s official language. Vienna is the capital.

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  • Azerbaijan


    Azerbaijan, the nation and former Soviet republic, is bounded by the Caspian Sea and Caucasus Mountains which span Asia and Europe. The capital is Baku and it has a population of approximately 10 million. The official language is Azerbaijani.

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  • bahamas


    Bahamas, officially the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, is an island country consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, north of Cuba and Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic and Haiti). Nassau is the capital and English is the official language.

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  • bahrain


    Bahrain is a small island country near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. Bahrain is believed to be the site of the ancient land of the Dilmun civilization. Saudi Arabia is to the west.

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  • bangladesh


    Lush, green, and flowing with rivers, Bangladesh is officially known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and is located in South Asia. Bangladesh is bordered on the south by the Bay of Bengal, on the west, north, and east by India, and on the southeast by Burma.

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  • barbados


    Amid calypso rhythms, white sand beaches, and azure blue seas is Barbados, a sovereign island nation located in the North Atlantic among the Lesser Antilles. The island’s area is 167 square miles or 432 square kilometers and sits outside the Atlantic hurricane belt.

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  • belgium


    Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal monarchy in Western Europe. It has a population of about 11 million.

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  • bermuda


    Bermuda, land of crystal-clear waters, pink sand beaches, and coral reefs, is also called The Bermudas or The Somers Isles. It is located in the North Atlantic, off the coast of the United States and is a British Overseas Territory.

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  • brazil


    Brazil’s population is approximately 198.7 million. It is the largest country in the South America and Latin America region and is the world’s fifth largest country, both by geographical area and population. Brasilia is the capital.

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  • Brunei

    Brunei Darussalam

    Brunei Darussalam is one of the smallest and wealthiest countries in the world. It is home to some of the largest oil fields in Southeast Asia. It is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo.

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  • bulgaria


    Bulgaria, seated on the Balkan Peninsula along the Black Sea, is officially known as the Republic of Bulgaria and is home to mountains, beaches, churches, monasteries, iconic artworks, and ancient ruins. Located in southeastern Europe, Bulgaria borders Greece and Turkey to its south, Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, and the Black Sea to its east.

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  • Cambodia


    Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation whose landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and Gulf of Thailand coastline. Phnom Penh, its capital and it has a population of more than 15 million. The primary language is Khmer.

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  • CaymanIslands

    Cayman Islands

    The Cayman Islands are located in the western Caribbean. It is a British Overseas Territory comprised of three islands: Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman. Its capital is Georgetown and the official language is English.

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  • chile


    Chile, land of hospitality, the Andes, Easter Island, and adventure, is known officially as the Republic of Chile or República de Chile. Chile is a coastal country in the Southern Cone of South America.​

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  • china


    China is located in east Asia. The landscape is vast and diverse and includes deserts as well as subtropical forests. China has a population of approximately 1.35 billion. Its capital is Beijing and the primary language spoken is traditional Mandarin.

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  • colombia


    Colombia, officially called the Republic of Colombia (República de Colombia), is a country of diversity featuring Caribbean beaches, the Andes mountains, Amazon rainforests, contemporary cities, and archeological sites.

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  • costarica

    Costa Rica

    Costa Rica, officially known as the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica) is a land of pristine beaches, perfect waves, and peaceful serenity. In Spanish, the name Costa Rica means “rich coast.”​

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  • czechrepublic

    Czech Republic

    The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in central Europe. The total population is approximately 12.5 million and its capital and largest city is Prague. Czech is the primary language spoken.

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  • ecuador


    Ecuador, officially known as the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador), brings to mind the Galapagos Islands, the Andes Mountains, and the Amazon Rainforest. A literal translation of its name is “Republic of the Equator.”

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  • egypt


    Egypt’s population is approximately 84 million. It is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East, and the 15th-most populated in the world. Cairo is the capital and Modern Standard Arabic is the official language.

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  • ethiopa


    Ethiopia is one of the oldest locations of human life known to scientists. It is located in the Horn of Africa. It has more than 93 million people, making it the most populated landlocked country in the world. Addis Ababa is the capital and Amharic is the main language.

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  • Georgia


    Georgia, a country at the intersection of Europe and Asia, is a former Soviet republic that’s home to Caucasus mountain villages and Black Sea beaches. It’s famous for Vardzia, a sprawling cave monastery dating to the 12th century, and the ancient wine-growing region Kakheti. The capital, Tbilisi, is known for the diverse architecture and mazelike, cobblestone streets of its old town.Its population is nearing 4 million and the primary language is Georgian.

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  • germany


    Germany, formally known as the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a land of storybook castles, quaint villages, and great cities set in western central Europe.

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  • greece


    Greece, the land of volcanoes, ancient ruins, ouzo, feta, and sparkling blue seas, is officially known as the Hellenic Republic. It has been called Hellas since ancient times.

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  • Hungary


    Hungary is a landlocked country in central Europe. It has a population of about 10 million. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west.

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  • india


    India is a country in south Asia. It is the second most populated country in the world with more than 1.2 billion people. To the south is the Indian Ocean. It shares borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, and Bangladesh.

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  • indonesia


    Indonesia is located in southeast Asia and is comprised of more than 13,000 islands. It shares borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia.

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  • ireland


    Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic and is west of Great Britain. It is the third largest island in Europe.

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  • israel


    Israel is a country in western Asia on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Jerusalem. The population is approximately 8 million and its primary language is Modern Hebrew.

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  • italy


    Italy is located in southern Europe. It borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. The south is comprised of the Italian peninsula and the two largest Mediterranean islands—Sicily and Sardinia.​

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  • japan


    Japan is an island nation in East Asia located in the Pacific Ocean. Tokyo is the capital and the primary languages spoken are Japanese and English. Its population is approximately 127 million.

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  • jordan


    Jordan is an Arab kingdom in western Asia. Amman is the capital and Arabic is the primary language spoken.​

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  • kazakhstan


    Kazakhstan is a country in central Asia. It is the world’s largest landlocked country by land area and the ninth largest country in the world. Its capital is Astana and it has a population of approximately 17 million. Kazakh or Qazaq, a Turkic language, is the most common language spoken.

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  • kenya


    The Republic of Kenya, commonly called Kenya, is located in the African Great Lakes area of East Africa. Kenya offers beautiful natural features including grasslands, mountains, deserts, beaches, and coral reefs.

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  • kuwait


    Kuwait is an Arab country in Western Asia. In Arabic, Kuwait means “fortress.” It has a population of approximately 2.6 million. The capital is Kuwait City and Arabic is the main language spoken.

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  • lebanon


    Lebanon is officially the Lebanese Republic. The country is on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. To the north and east is Syria and to the south is Israel. The country has a rich history and ethnic and religious diversity. The capital is Beirut and the official language is Arabic.

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  • lithuania


    Lithuania is a country in northern Europe. It is located along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It borders Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Kaliningrad Oblast. Its population is approximately 3 million and the capital and largest city is Vilnius.

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  • Macedonia,TheFormerYugoslavRepublicOf


    Macedonia, the former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia, is a landlocked Balkan nation bordered by Greece, Kosovo, Bulgaria, Serbia and Albania. Its capital is Skopje and the country’s population is about 2.1 million. It has more than 15 lakes and 16 mountains. Macedonia is the country’s primary language.​

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  • malaysia


    Malaysia is in Asia and consists of 13 states and three federal territories. Its capital city is Kuala Lumpur and the population is approximately 24 million. The majority of people live in Peninsular Malaysia. Malay is the national language, but English is widely spoken.

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  • mauritius


    Mauritius is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean. It is about 1,200 miles off the southeast coast of Africa. The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega, and the archipelago of Saint Brandon.

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  • mexico


    Mexico is a federal republic in North America bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas with an estimated population of more than 113 million. Mexico City is the capital and Spanish is the official language.​

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  • moldova


    Moldova, a land of friendly people, exquisite wines, and picturesque farmlands, is formally known as the Republic of Moldova. It is located in eastern Europe and is bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine on the north, east, and south.

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  • Mongolia


    Mongolia is a nation bordered by China and Russia. It’s known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. Its capital, Ulaan Baatar, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square. Its population is approximately 3 million and the primary language is Mongolian.

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  • netherlands


    The Netherlands is also known as Holland, because it contains the provinces of North and South Holland. Its population is approximately 17 million. The people, language, and culture of the Netherlands are referred to as "Dutch." Amsterdam is the capital and Dutch is the official language.

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  • nicaragua


    Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus and borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. Spanish is the official language and the capital is Managua. The country’s population is approximately 6 million.

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  • nigeria


    Nigeria is a federal constitutional republic that is officially called the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It is located in West Africa and is bordered by Cameroon and Chad to the east, Niger to the north, the Republic of Benin to the west, and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south. The capital of Nigeria is Abuja. Its largest city is Lagos.

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  • oman


    Oman, a land of picturesque mountains, sand dunes, and shimmery sand beaches, is an Arab nation located on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It is officially known as the Sultanate of Oman and shares its borders with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, the Arabian Sea, and the Gulf of Oman.

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  • pakistan


    Home to the Karakoram Mountains, ancient bazaars, and architectural wonders, Pakistan, formally known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is located in south Asia. Pakistan is bordered by the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea to the south, India to the east, Afghanistan to the west and north, China to the northeast, and Iran to the southwest.

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  • panama


    Panama is officially the Republic of Panama. It is the southernmost country of Central America. The capital is Panama City. Spanish is the primary language, but English is widely spoken.

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  • peru


    The land of ancient mysteries – from Machu Picchu to Chan Chan to Nazca – Peru (The Republic of Peru) is located in western South America. Peru shares its borders with Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, and the Pacific Ocean.

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  • philippines


    The Philippines, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in southeast Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean and consists of 7,107 islands. With a population of about 99 million, the Philippines is the seventh most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated in the world.

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  • portugal


    Portugal is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe. To the west and south is the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east is Spain. The capital is Lisbon and the main language spoken is Portuguese.

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  • qatar


    Qatar, known officially as the State of Qatar, is situated on the northeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. In this sovereign Arab emirate in western Asia, one can visit ancient ruins or view world-class artworks. The emirate is surrounded by the Persian Gulf except to the south, where it shares a border with Saudi Arabia.

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  • Romania


    Romania is located in southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea between the Ukraine and Bulgaria. It also borders Hungary, Serbia and Moldova. Its capital is Bucharest and the population is approximately 20 million. Romanian is the country’s official language.

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  • russianfederation

    Russian Federation

    The Russian Federation, also known as Russia, is situated in northern Eurasia. It is the largest country in the world and the ninth most populated with approximately 143 million people.

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  • saudiarabia

    Saudi Arabia

    Saudi Arabia is the largest Arab state in western Asia. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea and a Persian Gulf coast. Riyadh is the capital and the country’s population is approximately 29 million. Arabic is the official language.

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  • singapore


    Singapore is located off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula and is about 85 miles north of the equator. It is one of the world's major commercial hubs, with the fourth largest financial center and one of the five busiest ports. Its capital is Singapore.

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  • slovenia


    Slovenia, with its picturesque landscape from the Adriatic Coastline to the emerald-colored lakes, amid castles and modern cities, is known officially as the Republic of Slovenia. It is located in central Europe and borders Italy, Austria, Croatia, and Hungary.

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  • southkorea

    South Korea

    South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, has approximately 50 million residents. The capital and largest city is Seoul. Korean is the official language.

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  • spain


    Spain or España conjures beautifully diverse images of picturesque mountains, plains, cliffs, and coastlines. Officially called the Kingdom of Spain, visitors can indulge in the arts, architecture, and culinary delights of this European Union member state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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  • SriLanka

    Sri Lanka

    Sri Lanka is an island country in the northern Indian Ocean. It sits off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent in south Asia and has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.

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  • taiwan


    Taiwan is a state in East Asia. To the west is the nearby state of the People’s Republic of China. To the east and northeast is Japan, and to the south is the Philippines. Taipei is the capital. Mandarin and English are the most commonly spoken languages.

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  • Tanzania


    Tanzania is an East African country known for its vast wilderness areas. It’s home to Kilimanjaro National Park, Africa’s highest mountain. Offshore lie the tropical islands of Zanzibar and Mafia Marine Park. Its capital is Dodoma and the population is approximately 49 million. Primary languages spoken are English and Swahili.

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  • thailand


    Thailand’s population is approximately 64 million. Its capital and largest city is Bangkok. Thai is the official language.

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  • turkey


    Turkey’s population is approximately 74 million. It’s bordered by Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Ankara is the capital and Turkish is the official language.

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  • unitedarabemirates

    United Arab Emirates (UAE)

    UAE is a federation of seven emirates or principalities. It is a country located in the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf. The population is approximately 9.2 million. Abu Dhabi is the capital and Arabic is the official language.

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  • UnitedKingdom

    United Kingdom

    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe. It sits off the northwestern coast of the European mainland. The UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea in the east and the English Channel in the south.

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  • vietnam


    Vietnam is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in southeast Asia. It has approximately 90 million inhabitants and is the world's 13th most populated country. The capital is Hanoi and Vietnamese is the primary language spoken.

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